Rocco and His Brothers
Directed by Luchino Visconti
The widow Rosaria moves to Milano from Lucania with her 4 sons, one of whom is Rocco. The fifth son, Vincenzo, already lives in Milano. In the beginning, the family has a lot of problems, but everyone manages to find something to do. Simone is boxing, Rocco works in a dry cleaners, and Ciro studies. Simone meets Nadia, a prostitute, and they have a stormy affair. Then Rocco, after finishing his military service, begins a relationship with her. A bitter feud ensues between the two brothers, which will lead as far as murder...
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★★★★½ review by davidehrlich on Letterboxd
Luchino Visconti’s epic melodrama of social migration and moral decay was first released in 1960, when it was met with great scandal (a prosecutor threatened to charge the director with “disseminating an obscene object”) and even greater success. Today, distanced from ridiculous controversy and dislocated from the provincial politics that drive its story, this immaculately restored classic of post-WWII Italian cinema often feels like a new experience altogether.
★★★★★ review by Tyler on Letterboxd
Luchino Visconti's Rocco and His Brothers is an epic, in every sense of the word. It is a three hour film following one generation of a family, in the form of four brothers, their worrisome, frantic mother and one woman, Nadia, who becomes involved with two of the brothers. It is marvellously directed, and the cast are all absolutely perfect in their roles, inhabiting them with skill and stunning power. The film is 170 minutes long but never less than riveting, and like Visconti's subsequent film The Leopard, it well earns its place as an all-time classic. Visconti, a severely underrated director who ranks right up there with Fellini and Antonioni as a vital, important Italian for the film industry, has crafted a movie that reminds us why it is we love the movies. Rocco and His Brothers is wonderful, flawless, overwhelming, emotional and fantastic. A marvel of a film.
★★★★ review by William Tell on Letterboxd
→ Part of my Italian Summer Challenge
Considered one of the very last Italian films to be part of the Neo-Realist movement, Rocco e i Suoi Fratelli consorts stark social debauchery with human affection and sexual ambiguity in many intricate ways. Luchino Visconti’s direction – assured, subtle and intense – juggles ingeniously with many of these themes to create an elaborate portrait of the human condition and its moral values.
His film is replete with the audiovisual prowess we’ve come to expect from his collaborators – Nino Rota in the musical field providing an inconspicuous but highly penetrating and profound score, and Giuseppe Rotunno behind the camera shooting the characters with graceful movements and lighting angles. Yet what shines most in Visconti's three-hour opus is the human drama and inspiring characters that drive it.
Moving from Lucania to Milan with her four sons, Rosaria is an outspoken catholic widow in search of a better life for her family. She arrives in the city to visit her fifth son, Vicenzo, who has already lived there for some time and his about to get engaged to a charming woman. Her quick visit to the engagement party proves to be destructive of the whole arrangement, driving her five sons to come live under the same roof as her. They struggle to keep warm in a small basement where the six all sleep, but for them the falling snow outside is a good sign: they’ll have work shoveling the streets the next day. As the film renders this family’s dour but affectionate coexistence, it divides itself into five separate but communicating chapters, each entitled after a brother’s name. ‘Vicenzo’ comes first, with his story of intermitted and unconsented love playing out very realistically. The second and third chapters, called ‘Simone’ and ‘Rocco’ respectively, take most of the film’s runtime and make up its central plot points, as Simone enamors a prostitute named Nadia who later falls in love with Rocco – to catastrophic consequences. In these chapters, Visconti explores thoroughly the characters’ sexuality with many subtle but incredible tactics, although what he is mainly focused on is the contrasting personalities of the two siblings. Simone is a monstrous boxing figure, capable of murder and rape, whose vices have transformed him into an immoral brute. Rocco, on the other hand, is saintly and forgiving, hardworking and honest, but whose infinite goodness is utterly misplaced. Between them is Nadia (amazingly played by Annie Girardot), a powerful but pitiful woman, who suffers from sexist nonsense and strange character development only to come to a tragic end.
The relationship between the two brothers and their family becomes difficult to sustain, climaxing with melodramatic notes in the film’s final chapter, entitled after the youngest brother – Luca. The teenage boy, influenced by so many different personalities within his family, is rather lost and needs moral clarifications from his brothers. Yet only one of them is reachable, the pragmatic Ciro – after Simone’s monstrous downfall, Rocco’s immense fame and Vicenzo’s marriage, all of them are unreachable. Throughout the film, Visconti comments on all of these aspects, brotherhood, the haziness of human values and fame to conclude that the times indeed are a-changing. His prediction, though, is far from optimistic, and ultimately – he was right.
| Direction: 9,0 | Sound: 8,0
| Screenplay: 8,5 | Editing: 9,0
| Acting: 8,5 | Entertainment: 8,5
| Visuals: 9,0 | Overall Rating: 8,7
★★★★★ review by EnteredTheVoid on Letterboxd
You can see about 10 different films in this, which goes to show you what an influential master Luchino Visconti is.
★★★★★ review by Edgar Cochran on Letterboxd
The varied personalities of the brothers are no coincidence since Visconti's episodic structure has the specific purpose of displaying those social strata that form part of everyday's conflicts under the smart pretext of "we are all brothers; our society is a massive family". Its roots can be appreciated in the new wave of American directors of the 70s, most predominantly Scorsese, yet this powerful epic has not quite been surpassed in both its intentions and its honest, tragic nature. A powerful statement even for today's standards.
P.S. Hunt down the three-hour version. There is a reason for that.
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